Wednesday, September 5, 2007
For a discussion on the health concerns about consuming oats, follow this link to an article at the Celiac Sprue Association. Celiac.com maintains a list of articles about oats that you can go to from their site. You can also read Celiac Disease: A Hidden Epidemic (Collins, (c) 2006) by Dr. Peter Green and Rory Jones. It has a discussion on consuming oats, talking with your doctor and the safety of certified gluten free oats.
Talk to your doctor, if you've been given the go ahead for consuming certified gluten free oats, you can find them at: Gifts of Nature, Gluten Free Oats and Cream Hill Estates.
Before cooking oats for others who must maintain a gluten free diet make sure they have their doctor's okay to eat them.
As for me? I've talked to my doctor and she has given me the go ahead to eat certified gluten free oats.
Update 9/3/2007: Health Canada has updated their position on consuming oats. You can read more about it at Health Canada's website.
Friday, April 13, 2007
Baker's Yeast (Active Dry, Cake, Inactive Dry, Rapid Rise) - A yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) that is used as a leavening agent. The yeast converts the fermentable sugars in dough into carbon dioxide which causes air bubbles to form in the dough. Red Star sells gluten free yeast products.
Brewer's Yeast (Bottom Fermenting, Top Fermenting) - Brewer's and Winemaker's use different types of yeast to produce their different beverages. The type of yeast used during the fermentation process will impact the final flavor of each beverage.
Nutritional Yeast - A nutritional supplement with a cheese like flavor that is high in various B vitamins. It does not replace other forms of yeast that are used as a leavening agent or in brewing. You can purchase nutritional yeast from Bob's Red Mill.
Agave Nectar - A thick liquid made from an extract of the wild agave plant. You can find agave nectar at Native Seeds/SEARCH.
Birch Syrup - A syrup extracted from birch trees. The sweetener Xylitol is made from birch trees. Slow Food USA has a listing of companies that sell and produce birch syrup.
Brown Rice Syrup - Is a syrup made from the liquid made by cooking cultured rice with enzymes. Lundberg Family Farms makes Brown Rice Syrup.
Corn Syrup (Light, Dark, High Fructose) - A syrup made from corn starch. The corn starch is treated with a series of three enzymes to convert it into syrup. Corn syrup is composed mostly of glucose. To get High Fructose Corn Syrup the corn syrup is treated with other enzymes to convert some of the glucose into fructose.
Date Sugar -Date sugar is made from dehydrated and ground dates. Bob's Red Mill carries date sugar.
Fig Syrup (also called Petimezi) - A syrup made from boiling figs and bay leaves together. You can find a recipe on how to make fig petimezi at Greek-Recipe.com.
Fructose - A sweetener found in many fruits and vegetables. It is estimated to be twice as sweet as sugar. You can buy fructose from Bob's Red Mill.
Grape Syrup (Vin Cotto, Petimezi) - A syrup made from slow cooking grape juice until it obtains a thick syrupy texture. Typically found in Greek and Italian food. You can purchase Guerzoni Saba Biodynamic Grape Syrup from some Whole Foods stores. You can make your own Greek petimezi with a recipe from About.com.
Golden Syrup - Is a thick golden form of inverted syrup made by refining sugar cane juice into syrup or adding an acid to a sugar solution. Steen's in Louisiana makes old fashioned pure cane sugar syrup.
Hickory Syrup - A syrup made from the bark of the shagbark hickory tree. You can find hickory syrup from Local Harvest or from Hickoryworks.com.
Honey - A thick liquid made from flower nectar by honey bees. You can find honey at grocery stores and Bob's Red Mill carries honey crystals.
Maple Syrup - A syrup made from the sap of Maple trees. Maple syrup is readily available at grocery stores and Bob's Red Mill carries maple sugar.
Mesquite Syrup (Mesquite Molasses) - A syrup made from cooking mesquite pods in water until thickened. DesertUSA has a recipe for making Mesquite Molasses.
Molasses (Sulphured, Black Strap) - A thick syrup made when sugar cane or sugar beets are processed. In Middle Eastern countries molasses can be made from carob, grapes, dates, pomegranates, and mulberries. Molasses made from sugar beets is primarily used in animal feeds. You can find molasses in the baking section of grocery stores. Molasses crystals are carried by Bob's Red Mill.
Poplar Syrup - A syrup made from the bark of the tulip poplar tree. You can find Poplar Syrup at Hickoryworks.com.
Prickly Pear Syrup - A syrup made from the juice of the prickly pear fruit. You can find prickly pear syrup, nectar, jelly and butter at Native Seeds/SEARCH.
Rose Syrup - A syrup made from rose hips or rose petals. Whole Foods carries Magliano Rose Syrup which is made from rose petals. Local Harvest carries Wild Rose Syrup which is made from rose hips.
Saguaro Syrup - A syrup made from the fruits of the Saguaro cactus. Native Seeds/SEARCH carries Saguaro Syrup.
Simple Syrup - A syrup made by combining sugar and water. The Food Network has a recipe from the show Paula's Home Cooking, for making simple syrup.
Sorghum Syrup - A syrup made from the juice extracted from the sweet sorghum plant. The National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association has a listing of farms or companies that sell sorghum syrup.
Sugar (Brown, Cane, Demerara, Muscovado, Powdered, Turbinado, White) - Is made from crushed sugar cane or sugar beets that is boiled. The liquid is then allowed to cool and form crystals. Wikipedia has more about the different culinary sugars available. You can find a wide variety of different sugar types in the baking section of your local grocery store.
Sweet Sumac Syrup - A syrup made from the red berries of the Sumac tree. Local Harvest carries sweet sumac syrup.
Trimoline - An invert syrup made from combining the syrups from cane sugar and sugar beets. Look for Trimoline in restaurant or pastry/confection supply stores.
Agar Agar (kanten, agal agal) - A gel made from the cell walls of a few species of red algae or seaweed. Eden Foods carries agar agar bars and flakes.
Agar Agar is high in iodine. Follow the link to agar agar flakes and click on Nutrition Facts to learn more about the nutrient profile of agar agar.
A Gluten A Go Go Recipe using agar agar is Buckwheat Brioche.
Alginic Acid (Alginate) – A viscous gum that is found in the cell walls of brown algae. Primarily used by the food industry in ice cream, jellies, jams and more.
Beta-Glucan – A natural gum found in the bran of cereal grains, such as barley, oats, rye, wheat or brewer's yeast. Determine the source of the beta-glucan before using or consuming it as it may not be gluten free.
Beurre Manie - A dough made of equal parts of butter and flour kneaded together. It is then blended into soups and sauces to thicken them.Carrageenan - A natural cellulose gel made from the ground leaves of various species of red seaweed. Carrageenan is primarily used by the food and personal care industries.
Cassia Gum (Foetid Cassia, Chinese Senna, Coffee Weed) – A gum made from the seeds of the Senna Obtusifolia plant.
Chia Seed Gel - Chia seeds soaked in water will produce a gel that can be used as a thickener. Make chia gel by soaking 1 Tb of chia seeds with 9 Tb of water. Chia seeds are high in fiber. Native Seeds/SEARCH carries chia seeds.A Gluten A Go Go recipe using chia seed gel is Lemon Chia Seed Bread.
Chicle Gum – A gum made from the chicle tree.
Gellan Gum – A gum produced by the bacteria, Sphingomonas elodea.
Gelatin - A protein made from the collagen in the connective tissue of animals. Gifts of Nature carries a gluten-free unflavored gelatin.
Guar Gum - A natural gum thickener made from the powdered seeds of the guar plant. Bob's Red Mill carries guar gum.
Guar Gum contains fiber. To learn more about guar gum, follow the link to Bob's Red Mill and click on the Nutrition Facts link.
A Gluten A Go Go recipe using guar gum is Cinnamon Rolls.
Gum Arabic (Gum Acacia) – A natural gum that comes from several species of Acacia trees. It is primarily used to make gum drops, marshmallows, and soft drink syrups.
Gum Ghatti – A gum made from the sap of the Anogeissus trees.Gumbo File (File Powder) - A distinctive powder made from the ground leaves of the sassafras tree, used in traditional gumbo recipes. It also acts as a thickener when added to recipes. You can purchase Gumbo File from Zatarain's.
Karaya Gum - A gum made from the extract of Sterculia trees. It is primarily used by the food industry at this time.
Katakuri – A starch made from the corm of a lily (Erythronium japonicum) native to
Konnyaku (Konjac, Konjaku) - A gel made from the corm of the Konnyaku plant. The gel does not dissolve readily in the mouth, unlike gelatin, agar agar or others. It is also high in fiber. Look for Konnyaku or Konjac in Asian markets.
Kudzu or Kuzu Starch - A thickener made from the powdered roots of the kuzu (kudzu) plant. Look for kuzu powder in Asian markets or from Eden Foods.
A Gluten A Go Go recipe using Kudzu/kuzu powder is Banana Coconut Macadamia Nut Muffins.
Locust Bean Gum - A vegetable gum extracted from the seeds of the Carob tree. At this time, locust bean gum is primarily used by the food industry.
Mastic Gum (Mastic Resin) – A gum made from the sap of the Mastic tree. Look for mastic gum in Greek, Turkish or Middle Eastern food stores.
Methylcellulose – A chemical compound made from cellulose. An ingredient in Orgran’s Gluten Substitute, which you can buy from Glutenfree.com.
Pectin - It is a gel or powder made from the cell walls of plants. Look for pectin in the canning areas of grocery stores or Kraft sells different types of Sure-Jell. Whole Foods carries Pomona's Universal Pectin, look for it in the baking aisle.
Psyllium (Plantago) Seed Husks – A gel made when Psyllium Seed Husks or the ground seeds are soaked in water.
A Gluten A Go Go Recipe using ground psyllium seeds: Pear Upside Down Pancake
Spruce Gum – A gum made from the sap of the Spruce tree.Tapioca (Granulated) - Made from the root of the cassava or yucca plant. Use 1 Tb of quick cooking granulated tapioca to 2 Tb of liquid to make a paste. Edward & Sons makes a brand of gluten free granulated tapioca called Let's Do Organic...Organic Tapioca.
A Gluten A Go Go Recipe using granulated tapioca is Coconut Bread.
Tapioca Jelly - A jelly made with 2 Tb washed tapioca pearls and 2 cups of water. Place the pearls and water into a sauce pan. Allow the pearls to soak in the water for 3 hours. Then place the sauce pan on the stove and allow the mixture to simmer until it is clear. If the jelly gets too thick, add a little boiling water at a time until it is the desired consistency.
Tapioca jelly is an old recipe that is found in cookbooks used on the America trail to Cookery for Invalids by Mary Hooper (1876).
You can find tapioca pearls in most grocery stores.
Tara Gum – A gum made from the seeds of the Tara or Spiny Holdback shrub.
Tragacanth (Gum Tragacanth) – A gum made from the sap of several species of Astragalus trees.Xanthan Gum - A natural gum produced by fermenting corn sugar with the bacteria, Xanthomonas campestris. You can purchase gluten-free xanthan gum from: Bob's Red Mill, Gifts of Nature, and Glutenfree.com.
Xanthan Gum contains fiber. To learn more about the nutrient profile of xanthan gum, follow the link to Bob's Red Mill and click on Nutrition Facts.
Chia Seeds - A gluten-free seed that comes from a plant in the mint family (Salvia hispanica). The meal made from ground chia seeds is called pinole. The seeds are available from Native Seeds/SEARCH.
Flaxseed Meal (Brown, Golden, Common Flax, Linseed) - Flaxseeds come from a plant in the linum family. You can find gluten-free brown and golden flaxseed that you can grind into meal at: Bob's Red Mill and Arrowhead Mills.
Job's Tears Flour/Meal (Coixseed, Adlay, Adlai, Chinese Pearl Barley) - A flour made from the seeds of a tall cereal grass (Croix lacryma-jobi) that ranges from East Asia to East India. Look for Job's Tears in Asian markets.
Lupin Flour - Made from the seeds of the lupin flower. Note: People who are allergic to peanuts should be cautious about consuming lupin seeds/flour. The Italian company, Bi-Aglut carries some products with lupin flour.
Plantago (Psyllium) Seed Meal - Made from the seeds of the plantago flower. To make plantago seed meal, grind seeds in a coffee or spice grinder. Plantago seed meal is used as a stabilizer or gelling agent for gluten free foods or frozen desserts like sherbet.
Plantago seeds contain fiber, protein and triglycerides. Some people can have an allergic or asthmatic reaction to consuming plantago (psyllium) seeds. If you decide you would like to use psyllium on a regular basis and take certain herbal supplements, vitamins or medications you should be aware that there might be some interactions, so make sure to check with your personal physician before using it.
Sesame Seed Meal - The seeds from an annual plant in the Sesamum family. Used as a gluten free meal in pastry items in Greece. You can find gluten-free sesame seeds (hulled & unhulled) at Arrowhead Mills.
Sunflower Seed Meal - The seeds or kernels of the sunflower plant. You can find gluten-free sunflower seeds at: Arrowhead Mills.
Most varieties of nut meals are not available ready to purchase. The Cook's Thesaurus describes how to make nut meals.
Acorn Meal - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Oak tree. Acorns contain tannins which must be removed before eaten. You can read more on how to make acorn meal (masa) from the Kumeyaay Nation. If you would like to purchase acorn meal, try looking in your local Korean food market.
Almond Meal - A meal made from the fruit of the Almond tree. Bob's Red Mill carries gluten free almond meal made from raw blanched almonds.
Brazil Nut Meal - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Brazil Nut tree.
Butternut Meal (White Walnut) - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Butternut tree.
Candlenut Meal (Kukui Nut, Italian Walnut, Kemiri) - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Candlenut tree.
Cashew Meal - A meal made from the ground nut of the Cashew tree.
Chestnut Flour - A flour made from the ground nuts of the Chestnut tree. Dowd & Rogers has fine Italian Chestnut flour which is carried by the Gluten Free Mall.
Hazelnut Meal - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Common Hazel shrub. You can find gluten free hazelnut meal at Bob's Red Mill.
Hickory Nut Meal - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Hickory tree.
Macadamia Nut Meal - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Macadamia tree.
Pecan Meal - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Pecan tree.
Pine Nuts - A meal made from the seeds of different varieties of Pine trees.
Pistachio Meal - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Pistachio tree.
Walnut Meal - A meal made from the ground nuts of the Walnut tree.
Wikipedia also maintains a page on nuts.
A list of edible seeds is posted on Wikipedia.
Oat Bran - The hard outer shell of the oat grain.
Pea Hull Fibre - The outer casing of the pea. You can purchase pea hull fibre from Kinnikinnick.
Rice Bran - The hard outer covering of the rice grain. You can purchase rice bran from Ener-G Foods.
Thursday, March 29, 2007
Amaranth Flour - A flour made from the seeds of the amaranth or pigweed herb plant. Arrowhead Mills and Bob's Red Mill carry gluten-free amaranth flour.
You can find out more on the nutrient profile of amaranth grain at Nutrition Data.
Arrowroot Starch/Flour - A flour/starch made from the roots of the arrowroot plant. Authentic Foods and Bob's Red Mill have arrowroot starch.
Find out more on arrowroot's nutritional profile at Nutrition Data.
Jerusalem Artichoke Flour - A flour made from the globe of the Jerusalem Artichoke, a relative of the sunflower. You can find out how to make Artichoke flour at BreadInfo.com.
Nutrition Data has information on the nutrients found in Jerusalem Artichokes.
Baby Lima Bean Flour - A flour made from the immature lima bean. You can find baby lima bean flour at Gifts of Nature.
Visit "the world's healthiest foods" for more information on the nutrients in lima beans.
Bean Flours (Legumes) - Flour made from pulverized dried beans. Arrowhead Mills carries a wide variety of gluten-free dried beans that you can grind into flour. Also, see other headings for baby lima beans, black bean, fava bean, garbanzo bean and pea flours.
Black Bean Flour - A flour made from ground black beans. You can find black bean flour at Bob's Red Mill.
You can find more information about the nutrient profile of black beans at "the world's healthiest foods."
Buckwheat Flour - A flour made from the seeds of the buckwheat plant. You can find gluten-free buckwheat flour at Arrowhead Mills, Bob's Red Mill, and Hodgson Mill.
For the nutrient profile of buckwheat, visit "the world's healthiest foods."
Coconut Flour - A flour made from the flesh of the coconut. Bob's Red Mill carries coconut flour.
Nutrition Data has information on the nutrient profile of coconut.
Corn Flour (also Maize, Maiz, & Masa) - A flour made from ground corn. Authentic Foods carries corn flour.
Cornmeal (Steel ground, Stone ground, Mealie meal) - Cornmeal is made from grinding dried corn. Shiloh Farms makes a gluten-free cornmeal that can be purchased from the Gluten Free Mall. Authentic Foods, Gifts of Nature, Hodgson Mill has a gluten-free cornmeal and Arrowhead Mills carries blue & yellow cornmeal.
Visit "the world's healthiest foods" (George Mateljian Foundation) for more on corn.
Cornstarch - Cornstarch is made from the endosperm of the corn kernel. Hodgson Mill carries a gluten-free cornstarch.
Dal Flour - A flour ground from Indian peas or beans. Different varieties of dal flour are available. Check with local Indian or global food type markets for availability and gluten-free processing.
Dasheen Flour (Eddo) - A flour made from the tuber of the dasheen plant. Check with Jamaican markets for availability and gluten-free processing.
Fava Bean Flour (Broad, Field, Horse, Tic, Faba) - A flour made from the ground broad bean. Native to North Africa and Asia, the broad bean is found extensively through out the world as it is easy to grow. Bob's Red Mill carries gluten-free fava bean flour.
Nutrition of the fava bean from the Foods Database.
Garbanzo Bean Flour (Besan, Chickpea, Channa, Gram) - A flour made from ground chickpeas. Chickpea varietals can be different colors, such as rust, olive, cream and a bright green. Gifts of Nature carries a gluten free chickpea flour. Bob's Red Mill carries gluten free garbanzo bean flour.
Chickpeas are an excellent source of protein, fiber, and minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, and zinc. You can find some more information on chickpeas at "the world's healthiest foods."
Green Pea Flour (also yellow pea flour) - A flour made from the small round bean of the vine Pisum sativum. You can find gluten-free green pea flour at Bob's Red Mill.
Nutritional profile of raw green peas from the USDA Nutrient database.
Lentil Flour (masoor) - Lentils are grown from the annual legume plant, Lens culinaris. You can make lentil flour by grinding the dried lentils in a mill or coffee grinder. Lentils come in a variety of colors from yellow to a reddish color, green, brown and black.
A favorite of vegetarians, lentils are high in protein and fiber. You can read more about the nutritional profile of lentils at The World's Healthiest Foods (George Mateljian Foundation).
Mesquite Meal/Flour (mizquitl, kiawe) - A flour made from the ground pods of the mesquite tree. Native Seeds/SEARCH carries ground mesquite flour.
The link for Native Seeds/SEARCH has information on the minerals found in mesquite meal. You can also find more information on the nutrient profile of mesquite meal from Detox Your World.
According to Anastasia Rabin, author of "Cooking With Mesquite (or carob): Some Facts & Tips,"
mesquite flour contains more sugars than wheat flour. It can burn easily and "you may want to lower the cooking temperature of your recipe" a little to compensate. Watch your items while they bake to make sure they don't over cook.
Ms. Rabin's article is found on the website of Desert Harvesters: Appreciating the native foods of the Sonoran Desert. Desert Harvester's is a grassroots organization in Tuscon. They organize local mesquite milling events and educate the public on indigenous food bearing shade trees.
Millet Flour - The seeds of a grain that is used for both human and animal consumption. You can purchase gluten-free millet flour from: Arrowhead Mills, and Bob's Red Mill.
The nutritional profile of millet can be found at "the world's healthiest foods" (George Mateljian Foundation).
Montina Flour - You can find Montina flour at: Amazing Grains and Gifts of Nature.
To find the nutrient profile of Montina, visit Amazing Grains and search on nutrition facts.
Oat Flour - A flour made from the ground kernels of the oat plant (Avena sativa). You can purchase gluten free oats that you can grind into flour from: Cream Hill Estates (merchant listing in Canada, merchant listing in the US) which you can also buy from Gluten Solutions & Glutenfree.com. Plus you can purchase gluten-free oats from: Gifts of Nature, Gluten Free Oats. You can purchase gf oat flour from Cream Hill Estates or Glutenfree.com.
Check out the nutritional profile of oats at the USDA Nutritional Database.
Peanut Flour (groundnut, earthnuts, goobers, goober peas, pindas, jack nuts, manila nuts and monkey nuts) - A flour made from the ground and toasted peanut. Peanuts are a common allergen.
For more about the nutrients in peanuts see "the world's healthiest foods" at the George Mateljian Foundation.
Potato Flour/Starch - A flour made from the tubers of the potato plant. Potatoes are a member of the nightshade family of plants. Authentic Foods and Bob's Red Mill carry gf potato flour. You can find gluten free potato starch at: Gifts of Nature.
Nutrition Data has information about the nutrient profile of potatoes.
Quinoa Flour - You can purchase gluten-free quinoa flour from: Arrowhead Mills, Bob's Red Mill, and you can purchase Quinoa and Quinoa Flakes from Ancient Harvest.
You can find out more information on the nutritional profile of quinoa at "the world's healthiest foods" (George Mateljian Foundation).
Rice Flour (brown, red, black, sweet, white, & other varietals) - A flour made from the ground seeds from a plant in the grass family (Poaceae). You can find gluten-free brown rice flour from Bob's Red Mill, Gifts of Nature, Hodgson Mill. Arrowhead Mills and Gifts of Nature carry gluten-free white rice flour. You can find gf sweet rice flour at: Bob's Red Mill and Gifts of Nature. In the US, Koda Farms grows and makes a gluten free sweet rice flour called Mochiko, which you can find in Asian markets.
Nutrition Data has information on the nutrient profile of brown and white rice flour.
Sago Flour - A starch made from the pith of the Sago Palm. Look for pearl sago in Indian or Asian markets.
Wikipedia has the most information on the nutrient profile of sago starch.
Sorghum Flour (also Sweet White Sorghum or Milo) - A flour made from the ground seeds from numerous species of Sorghum grasses. Sorghum is raised for both human and animal consumption. Bob's Red Mill carries gluten free sweet sorghum flour.
Visit Nutrition Data for information on the nutrient profile of sorghum.
Soy Flour (Soybean, Soya) - A flour made from the ground beans of the soybean plant. Arrowhead Mills carries a gluten-free soy flour.
More on soybeans from "the world's healthiest foods" at the George Mateljian Foundation.
Sweet Potato Flour - A flour made from the dried sweet potato. You will need to bake thin slices of sweet potatoes over night in a warm oven or use a dehydrator to dry the slices. Then grind in a mill or coffee grinder to make flour. You can read an older article on three different ways to make sweet potato flour by George Washington Carver. The portion of the article covering flour making is two-thirds of the way down the page. This same process will work for other tubers, i.e. jicama, beets, turnips, etc.
Information on the nutritional profile of sweet potatoes from "the world's healthiest foods" at the George Mateljian Foundation.
Tapioca Flour (Cassava, Manioc, Yucca) -A starch made from the dried cassava root. Bob's Red Mill, Gifts of Nature carries a gluten-free tapioca flour.
Visit the USDA Nutrient Database for information on the nutrient profile of Tapioca.
Taro Flour (Kalo, Kolkas, Kolokassi) - A flour made from the dried tubers of the taro plant.
For information on the nutrient profile of taro visit the USDA Nutrient Database.
Teff - A seed of a species of lovegrass native to northern Ethiopia, You can purchase gluten-free teff flour from Bob's Red Mill.
You can view the nutritional information label for teff flour at Bob's Red Mill. Click on the link for nutritional information.
Urd Flour (Urad, Urid, Black Gram, Black Lentil or White Lentil) - A flour made from the ground urad beans. Look for whole urad beans or urad dal in Indian markets.
Water Chestnut Flour - A flour made from the dried and ground corms of the water chestnut plant. Wikipedia has a caution about eating uncooked water chestnuts. Look for water chestnuts in the Asian section of the grocery store or from Asian markets.
White Bean Flour - A flour made from ground white beans. Bob's Red Mill carries gluten free white bean flour.
Wild Rice Flour - A flour made from the seeds of a grass in the genus Zizania. Wild rice should be milled to a fine powder before using it as a flour.
Nutrition Data has information on the nutrient profile of wild rice.
For more information on flours you can visit the Celiac Sprue Association pages.